Invertebrate Galleries

The galleries below show a selection of the riches of invertebrate life to be found in Selsdon Wood - all listed by category in blue at the top of the page. Scroll down for details and images and hover over each image for information or click to see an enlarged version. We would be delighted to add your photographs to the galleries - please send them to

Invertebrates 2

Beetles (Coleoptera)

True Bugs (Hemiptera)

Spiders & Harvestmen (Arachnida)

Slugs & Snails (Mollusca)

Pond Life & Others



---- Adalia 2-punctata, 2 Spot Ladybird ---- Adelia 10-punctata, 10 Spot Ladybird larva ---- Coccinella septempunctata, 7 Spot Ladybird ----

---- Exochomus 4-pustulatus, Pine Ladybird ---- Halyzia sedecimguttata, Orange Ladybird (adult 2 & larva) ----

---- Harmonia axyridis, Harlequin Ladybird (3 adult & 1 larva) ---- Harmonia quadripunctata, Cream Streaked Ladybird (adult & larva) ----

---- Propylea quatuordecimpunctata, 14 spot Ladybird (2 adult) ---- Psyllobora vigintiduopunctata, 22 Spot Ladybird ---- 

Tytthaspis sedecimpunctata, 16 Spot Ladybird (2 adult & 1 larva)  ----

An identification sheet for ladybirds showing variations of Harlequin compared with native Ladybirds can be downloaded from here.

Carabidae - Ground Beetles

---- Agonum emarginatum  ---- Badister bullatus  ---- Calathus fuscipes ---- Carabus violaceus, Violet Ground Beetle ---- Leistus rufomarginatus  ----

---- Pterostichus madidus, Black Clock Beetle (2) ---- Pterostichus niger  ---- Pterostichus nigrita ---- Pterostichus sp.----

Cerambicidae - Longhorn Beetles

The longhorn beetles are a cosmopolitan family in which some have very long antennae with others perversely having quite short ones. Just having long antennae doesn't indicate inclusion.

---- Clytus arietus, Wasp Beetle ---- Grammoptera ruficornis, Longhorn Beetle (3) ---- Paracorymbia fulva, Tawny Longhorn Beetle ----

---- Rhagium Mordax, Black-Spotted Pliers Support Beetle (3) --- Rutpela maculata, Spotted Longhorn Beetle (3) ----

---- Stenocorus meridianus, Variable Longhorn Beetle (2) ---- Stenunella melanuraBlack Striped Longhorn Beetle ----

Curculionidae - Weevils

 ---- Curculio glandium/nucom, Nut Weevil (2) ---- Phyllobius pomaceus, Nettle Weevil (2) ---- Phyllobius roboretanus, Small Green Nettle Weevil ----

---- Phillobius virideaeris, Green Leaf Weevil ---- Polydrusus formosus, Leaf Weevil --- Polydrusus pterygomalis, Tree Weevil ----

Elateridae - Click Beetles and Soldier Beetles

This is a superfamily comprising the Click Beetles (Elateridae) which click audibly when they jump,  Fireflies (Lampyridae) which produce bioluminescence and Soldier Beetles (Cantharidae), named thus when the first one discovered was a similar red to military tunics of the time.

---- Adastrus pallens, Click Beetle ---- Agriotes acuminatus, Click Beetle ---- Athous haemorrhoidalis, Click Beetle ----

---- Cantharis nigra, Soldier Beetle (2) ---- Cantharis pellucida, Soldier Beetle (2) ---- Cantharis rustica, Soldier Beetle (5) ----

---- Rhagonycha fulva, Soldier Beetle (3) ---- Rhagonycha lignosa ----

Pyrochroidae - Cardinal Beetles

There are only three species in this family, the third being the Scarce Cardinal Beetle, Schizotus pectinicornis.  However this only exists in a few sites in Wales and Scotland.

---- Pyrochroa coccinea, Cardinal Beetle (3) ---- Pyrochroa serraticornis, Cardinal Beetle (2 + larva) ---- 

(For details of how the 2nd image was taken see

Staphylinidae - Rove Beetles

The rove beetles are the largest beetle group and have flexible abdomens and very short leathery wing casings which store their folded up wings.  Because folding the wings takes time and effort they rarely fly.

---- Ocypus brunipes ---  Philonthus carbonarius ---- Philonthus laminatus ---- Philonthus sanguinolentus ----

Pollen Beetles

Pollen Beetles is an informal term used to describe the many difficult-to-classify species of tiny beetle that can often be seen clustered in flower centres.  Always similarly shaped, they feed on the pollen which can be all or part of their diet.

---- Byturus ochraceus, Fruitworm Beetle (2) ---- Byturus tomentosus, Raspberry Beetle (2) ---- Meligethes aeneus, Sap Feeding Beetle ----

---- Meligethes atratus, Sap Feeding Beetle ---- Meligethes sp., Sap Feeding  beetle ---- Olibrus aeneus, Shining Flower Beetle ----

---- Phalacridae sp. Shining Flower Beetle ----

Other Beetles

---- Aphodius contaminatus, Dung Beetle  ----  Corticaria serrata ---- Forficula auricularia, Common Earwig ---- Hoplia philanthus, Welsh Chafer ----

---- Ischnomera cyanea ---- Malachius Bipustulatus, Malachite Beetle ---- Melolontha hippocastani, Forest Cockchafer (2) ----

---- Mordellistena pumila, Tumbling Flower Beetle ---- Oedemera flavipes ---- Oedemera lurida (2) ----

---- Oedemera nobilis, Swollen Thighed Flower Beetle (3) ---- Oedemera sp ---Phratora vulgatissimia, Blue Willow Beetle ----

---- Phyllopertha horticola, Garden Chafer (2) ---- Prionocyphon serricornis, Tree Hole Beetle (larva) ---- 

(Beetles are difficult to identify due to the huge number of species. They are reckoned to be a quarter of all lifeforms on the planet and some 25,000 have been described in our part of the world.)

Shield Bugs - Hemiptera

---- Coreus marginatus, Dock Bug ---- Dolycoris baccarum, Hairy Shieldbug (2) ---- Palomina prasina, Green Shieldbug (3) ----

---- Pentatoma rufipes, Red Legged Shieldbug ---- Podops inuncta, Turtle Shieldbug (2) ---- Troilus luridus, Bronze Shieldbug (2) ----

Other True Bugs - Hemiptera

---- Allygus modestus, Leaf Hopper  ---- Aphis fabae, Black Bean Aphid ---- Aphrophora alni, Alder Spittlebug ---- Cicadella viridis, Leaf Hopper ----

 ---- Corizus hyoscyami (2) ---- Cymus glandicolor ---- Deraecoris ruber, Red Bug ---- Gerris lacustris, Common Pond Skater ----

---- Himacerus mirmicoides, Ant Damsel Bug ---- Iassus ianio, Leaf Hopper---- Longicordus Trirhodus, Rose Aphid ----

---- Lygocoris pabulinus, Common Green Capsid Bug ---- Macrolophus rubi, Plant Bug ---- Microlophium carnosum, Common Nettle Aphid ----

---- Miris striatus (nymph) ----  Nabis rugosus, Common Damsel Bug ---- Orthops basalis ---- Pantilius tunicatus ---- Pinalitus cervinus ---- Rhopalus subrufus ---- 

Other insects

---- Hemerobiidae spp. Lacewing Larva (2) --- Leptophyes punctatissima, Speckled Bush Cricket (3) ---- Meconema thalassinum, Oak Bush Cricket -

---- Metrioptera roeseliii, Roesel's Bush Cricket (2)---- Omocestus viridulus, Common Green Grasshopper ----


Orb Web Spiders

These spiders spin the familiar circular web and wait for their prey to get entangled.  Some species prefer  to wait centrally under the web, while others prefer to hide out of sight at the edge of the web with a foot touching a radial web strand, ready to dash out at the slightest twitch.

---- Araneus diadematus, Garden Spider (3) ---- Araniella cucurbitina (2) ---- Araniella opistographa -------- Argiope bruennichi, Wasp Spider ----

---- Metalina mengei ---- Metallina segmentata ---- Pachygnatha clercki, Stretch Spider ---- Tetragnatha extensa ----

---Tetragnatha montana, Long-Jawed Orb Web Spider ---- Zilla diodia ---- Unknown Orb Webs (2) ----

Other Web Trapping Spiders

Each of these spider species has a different web form from the orb, those in Britain being Mesh Web, Sheet Web, Cobweb, Tangled Web and Tunnel Web.  

---- Amaurobius ferox, Black Lace-weaver Spider (2) ---- Amaurobius similis, Lace Weaver Spider ---- Dictyna uncinata (2) ----

---- Enoplognatha ovata, Comb Footed Spider  (2) --Frontinellina frutetorum spider ---- Helophora insignis, Broad-Tongued Spiderlet ----

---- Lepthyphantes minutus, Common Tree-weaver ---- Linyphia triangularisSheet-web Spider -----

---- Linyphiid sp. poss. Linyphiid hortensis, Money Spider ----  Linyphidae sp, Sheet-web Spider ---- Microlinyphia mandipulata ----

---- Nygma walckenaeri ---- Paidiscura pallens  ---- Theridion impressum ---- Theridion sisyphium, Mother Care Spider ----

---- Unknown Funnel Web ---- Unknown Sheet Webs (2)  ---- Unknown Spider ----

Wolf Spiders - Lycosidae

As the name suggests, these hunt using their speed over the ground and strength to capture prey, but unlike their namesakes, they do this singly and live solitary lives like all other spiders.

---- Alopecosa aculeata ---- Alopecosa fabrilis, Great Fox Spider ---- Alopecosa taeniata ---- Pardosa amentata, Spotted Wolf Spider (2) ----

---- Pardosa lugubris ---- Pardosa prativaga, Meadow Spider ---- Pardosa pullata, Common Wolf Spider ---- Pirata piraticus, Pirate Spider ----

Other Hunting Spiders

These both hunt and use other methods to catch prey, such as stealth. Some use deception such as disguising themselves as insects or pretending to be dead.

----Diaea dorsata, Crab Spider (2) ---- Misumena vatia, Crab Spider (3) ---- Pisaura mirabilis, Nursery Web Spider (8) ----

---- Xysticus cristatus, Common Crab Spider (2) ----


Eight legged and often confused with spiders, Harvestmen do  belong to the class Arachnida (like spiders) but are in the order Opiliones whereas spiders are members of the order Araneae. Main differences are that Harvestmen have a one-piece body, no abdomen, a mouth that eats (which no spider has) and they do not produce silk.

Dicranopalpus ramosos ----   Leiobunum rotundum (3) ---- Opilio canestrinii ---- Platybunus triangularis (2)


Slugs (5 species)

---- Arion ater, Great  Black Slug  (3)  ---- Arion hortensis ---- Arion rufus, Large Red Slug ---- Arion vulgaris, Spanish Slug ----

---- Limacus maculatus, Garden Slug ---- Limax maximus, Leopard Slug (2) ----

Snails (9 species)

 ---- Cepae hortensis, White-liipped Banded Snail (3) ---- Cepae nemoralis, Brown-lipped Banded Snail  (3) ----

---- Discus rotundatus, Rounded Snail ---- Discus rotundus, Brown Disc Snail ---- Helix aspersa, Garden Snail (4) ----

---- Lymnaea stagnalis ----  Planorbarius corneus, Ramshorn Snail ---- Trocholus striolata, Short Spire Snail ---- Vertigo-pygmaea (2) ----

Other Invertebrates

 ---- Centipede, Geophilus flavus ---- Centipede, Lithobius variegatus ---- Centipede,Schendyla nemorensis ----

---- Earthworm (3)  ---- Leech ---- Flat Backed Millipede, Polydesmus angustus ---- White Legged Snake Millipede, Tachypodoiulus niger ----

---- Water Louse --- Woodlouse (2) ----

Pond Creatures

Pond Creatures include animals from many of the species categories on this page but as they are found in a very specific habitat they have also been grouped here. All have been found in the ponds in the Jubilee Plantation or Linden Glade.
See also the sequence showing the development of tadpoles shown in the Amphibians section at the top of the page.

---- Leech ---- 
Lymnaea stagnalis --- Ramshorn Snail ---- Tadpoles ---- Water Skaters ---- Water Louse ----


some other interesting signs of invertebrate life to be found in Selsdon Wood:

 ---- Cuckoo Spit ---- Sheet Web (2) ---- Spider's Web ---- Worm Casts ---- Unidentified larva ----