Invertebrate Galleries

The galleries below show a selection of the riches of invertebrate life to be found in Selsdon Wood - all listed by category in blue at the top of the page. Scroll down for details and images and hover over each image for information or click to see an enlarged version. We would be delighted to add your photographs to the galleries - please send them to

Invertebrates 2

Beetles (Coleoptera)

True Bugs (Hemiptera)

Spiders & Harvestmen (Arachnida)

Slugs & Snails (Mollusca)

Pond Life & Others



---- Adalia 2-punctata, 2 Spot Ladybird ---- Adelia decempunctata, 10 Spot Ladybird (2) ---- Coccinella septempunctata, 7 Spot Ladybird ----

---- Exochomus 4-pustulatus, Pine Ladybird ---- Halyzia sedecimguttata, Orange Ladybird (adult 2 & larva) ----

---- Harmonia axyridis, Harlequin Ladybird (3 adult & 1 larva) ---- Harmonia quadripunctata, Cream Streaked Ladybird (adult & larva) ----

---- Propylea quatuordecimpunctata, 14 spot Ladybird (2 adult) ---- Psyllobora vigintiduopunctata, 22 Spot Ladybird ---- 

Tytthaspis sedecimpunctata, 16 Spot Ladybird (2 adult & 1 larva)  ----

An identification sheet for ladybirds showing variations of Harlequin compared with native Ladybirds can be downloaded from here.

Carabidae - Ground Beetles

---- Agonum emarginatum  ---- Amara apricaria ---- Badister bullatus  ---- Calathus fuscipes ---- Carabus violaceus, Violet Ground Beetle ---- 

---- Harpalus rufipes, Strawberry Beetle ---- Leistus rufomarginatus  ---- Pterostichus diligens ----

---- Pterostichus madidus, Black Clock Beetle (2) ---- Pterostichus niger  ---- Pterostichus nigrita ---- Pterostichus sp.----

Cerambicidae - Longhorn Beetles

The longhorn beetles are a cosmopolitan family in which some have very long antennae with others perversely having quite short ones. Just having long antennae doesn't indicate inclusion.

---- Alosterna tabacicolor ---- Clytus arietus, Wasp Beetle ---- Grammoptera ruficornis, Longhorn Beetle (3) ---- Leptura quadrifasciata Longhorn Beetle ----

---- Paracorymbia fulva, Tawny Longhorn Beetle ---- Rhagium Mordax, Black-Spotted Pliers Support Beetle (3) ----

--- Rutpela maculata, Spotted Longhorn Beetle (3) ---- Stenocorus meridianus, Variable Longhorn Beetle (2) ----

---- Stenunella melanuraBlack Striped Longhorn Beetle ----

Curculionidae - Weevils

 ---- Curculio glandium/nucom, Nut Weevil (2) ---- Curculio venosus Weevil ----

Phyllobius argentatus ---- Phyllobius pomaceus, Nettle Weevil (2) ---- Phyllobius roboretanus, Small Green Nettle Weevil -----

---- Phillobius virideaeris, Green Leaf Weevil ---- Polydrusus formosus, Leaf Weevil ---- Polydrusus pterygomalis, Tree Weevil ----

Elateridae - Click Beetles and Soldier Beetles

This is a superfamily comprising the Click Beetles (Elateridae) which click audibly when they jump,  Fireflies (Lampyridae) which produce bioluminescence and Soldier Beetles (Cantharidae), named thus when the first one discovered was a similar red to military tunics of the time.

CLICK BEETLES: ---- Adastrus pallens ---- Agriotes acuminatus ---- Athous haemorrhoidalis ---- Hemicrepidius hirtus ----

SOLDIER BEETLES:---- Cantharis nigra (2) ---- Cantharis pellucida (2) ---- Cantharis rustica (5) --- Rhagonycha fulva (3) ---- Rhagonycha lignosa ----

Pyrochroidae - Cardinal Beetles

There are only three species in this family, the third being the Scarce Cardinal Beetle, Schizotus pectinicornis.  However this only exists in a few sites in Wales and Scotland.

---- Pyrochroa coccinea, Cardinal Beetle (3) ---- Pyrochroa serraticornis, Cardinal Beetle (2 + larva) ---- 

(For details of how the 2nd image was taken see

Staphylinidae - Rove Beetles

The rove beetles are the largest beetle group and have flexible abdomens and very short leathery wing casings which store their folded up wings.  Because folding the wings takes time and effort they rarely fly.

---- Atrecus affinis ---- Anotylus rugosus ---- Ocypus brunipes ---  Philonthus carbonarius ---- Philonthus laminatus ---- Philonthus sanguinolentus ----

Pollen Beetles

Pollen Beetles is an informal term used to describe the many difficult-to-classify species of tiny beetle that can often be seen clustered in flower centres.  Always similarly shaped, they feed on the pollen which can be all or part of their diet.

---- Bruchidius varius ---- Byturus ochraceus, Fruitworm Beetle (2) ---- Byturus tomentosus, Raspberry Beetle (2) ----

---- Meligethes aeneus, Sap Feeding Beetle ---- Meligethes atratus, Sap Feeding Beetle ---- Meligethes sp., Sap Feeding  beetle ----

---- Olibrus aeneus, Shining Flower Beetle ---- Phalacridae sp. Shining Flower Beetle ----

Other Beetles

---- Agrilus sp, Jewel Beetle ---- Altica lythri, Flea Beetle ---- Anthrenus verbasci Carpet Beetle ---- Aphodius contaminatus, Dung Beetle  ----

----  Chrysolina oricalcia ---- Corticaria serrata --- Forficula auricularia, Common Earwig ---- Hoplia philanthus, Welsh Chafer ----

---- Ischnomera cyanea ---- Malachius Bipustulatus, Malachite Beetle ----

--- Melolontha hippocastani, Forest Cockchafer (2) ---- Melolontha melolontha, Field Cockchafer ---- 

Mordellistena pumila, Tumbling Flower Beetle ---- Mordellochroa  abdominalis, Pintail Beetle ---

---- Oedemera flavipes ---- Oedemera lurida (3) ---- Oedemera nobilis, Swollen Thighed Flower Beetle (3) ---- 

---- Phratora vulgatissimia, Blue Willow Beetle ---- Phyllopertha horticola, Garden Chafer (2) ---- Prionocyphon serricornis, Tree Hole Beetle (larva) ---- 

---- Variimorda vilosa, Tumbling Flower Beetle ----

(Beetles are difficult to identify due to the huge number of species. They are reckoned to be a quarter of all lifeforms on the planet and some 25,000 have been described in our part of the world.)

Shield Bugs - Hemiptera

---- Coreus marginatus, Dock Bug ---- Cypostethus tristriatus, Juniper Shieldbug ---- Dolycoris baccarum, Hairy Shieldbug (2) ----

---- Euredema oleracea, Brassica Shieldbug ---- Palomina prasina, Green Shieldbug (3) ---- Pentatoma rufipes, Red Legged Shieldbug (2) ----

---- Podops inuncta, Turtle Shieldbug (2) ---- Troilus luridus, Bronze Shieldbug (2) ----

Other True Bugs - Hemiptera

---- Acyrthosiphon pisum Aphid ---- Allygus modestus, Leaf Hopper  ---- Aphis fabae, Black Bean Aphid ---- Aphrophora alni, Alder Spittlebug ----

---- Cacopsylla hippophaes ---- Cicadella viridis, Leaf Hopper ---- Corizus hyoscyami (2) ----

---- Cymus glandicolor ---- Deraecoris ruber, Red Bug ---- Gerris lacustris, Common Pond Skater ----

---- Himacerus mirmicoides, Ant Damsel Bug ---- Iassus ianio, Leaf Hopper---- Longicordus Trirhodus, Rose Aphid ----

---- Lygocoris pabulinus, Common Green Capsid Bug ---- Lygus wagneri, Mirid Bug ---- Macrolophus rubi, Plant Bug ----

---- Microlophium carnosum, Common Nettle Aphid ----

---- Miris striatus (nymph) ---- Orthops basalis ---- Ovatomyzus boraginacearum Aphid ---- Pantilius tunicatus ----

---- Philaenus spumarius, Common Froghopper (2)---- Pinalitus cervinus ---- 

---- Rhabdomiris striatellus ---- Rhopalus subrufus ---- Stenodema calcarata

Other insects

---- Hemerobiidae spp. Lacewing Larva (2) --- Leptophyes punctatissima, Speckled Bush Cricket (3) ----

---- Meconema meridionale, Southern Oak Bush Cricket ---- Meconema thalassinum, Oak Bush Cricket -

---- Metrioptera roeseliii, Roesel's Bush Cricket (2) ---- Chorthippus brunneus, Common Field Grasshopper ----

---- Omocestus viridulus, Common Green Grasshopper ---- Thrips ---- 

---- Dark Bush Cricket ----

----Great Green Bush Cricket ----

In February 2021, using the BTO Acoustic Pipeline on a recordings made in 2019 1n 2020 - Steven & Ruth Budd found a Dark Bush Cricket in the lower section of The Wend and Great Green Bush Crickets at some distance. These findings are tentative as the accuracy level of the classifier is unknown and as these were identified from ultrasound recordings there are no photographs. However, it will be interesting if we have any confirmation in future years.


Orb Web Spiders

These spiders spin the familiar circular web and wait for their prey to get entangled.  Some species prefer  to wait centrally under the web, while others prefer to hide out of sight at the edge of the web with a foot touching a radial web strand, ready to dash out at the slightest twitch.

---- Araneus diadematus, Garden Spider (3) ---- Araniella cucurbitina (2) ---- Araniella inconspicua, Cucumber Spider ----

--- Araniella opistographa -------- Argiope bruennichi, Wasp Spider ---- Metalina mengei ---- Metallina segmentata (2) ----

---- Pachygnatha clercki, Stretch Spider ---- Tetragnatha extensa ---- Tetragnatha montana, Long-Jawed Orb Web Spider ----

---- Zilla diodia (2) ---- Zygiella x-notata, Missing Sector Orb Web Spider web (2) ---- Unknown Orb Webs (2) ----

Other Web Trapping Spiders

Each of these spider species has a different web form from the orb, those in Britain being Mesh Web, Sheet Web, Cobweb, Tangled Web and Tunnel Web.  

---- Amaurobius ferox, Black Lace-weaver Spider (2) ---- Amaurobius similis, Lace Weaver Spider ---- Coelotes atropos, Lace Web Spider ----

----Dictyna uncinata (2) ---Frontinellina frutetorum spider ---- Helophora insignis, Broad-Tongued Spiderlet ----

---- Lepthyphantes minutus, Common Tree-weaver ---- Linyphia triangularisCommon Hammock Weaver Spider -----

---- Linyphiid sp. poss. Linyphiid hortensis, Money Spider ----  Linyphidae sp, Sheet-web Spider ---- Microlinyphia mandipulata ----

---- Neriene montana (2) ---- Neriene peltata ----  Nygma walckenaeri ---- Paidiscura pallens  ---- Steatoda nobilis, Noble False Widow Spider (3) ----

---- Theridion impressum ---- Theridion sisyphium, Mother Care Spider ----

---- Unknown Funnel Web ---- Unknown Sheet Webs (2)  ---- Unknown Spider ----

Wolf Spiders - Lycosidae

As the name suggests, these hunt using their speed over the ground and strength to capture prey, but unlike their namesakes, they do this singly and live solitary lives like all other spiders.

---- Alopecosa aculeata ---- Alopecosa fabrilis, Great Fox Spider ---- Alopecosa pulverulenta, Common Fox Spider ---- Alopecosa taeniata ----

---- Pardosa agricola ---- Pardosa amentata, Spotted Wolf Spider (2) ---- Pardosa hortensis ---- Pardosa lugubris ---- Pardosa monticola ----

---- Pardosa prativaga, Meadow Spider (2) ---- Pardosa pullata, Common Wolf Spider ---- Pardosa saltans, Wolf Spider (2) ----

---- Pirata piraticus, Pirate Spider ----

Crab Spiders

There are two types of crab spiders, the Thomisidae which hide and grab prey which arrives, like the Diaea, Misumena and Xysticus, and the Philodromidae Running Crab Spiders which chase and grab their prey with their crab like front legs.   All the crab spider species are quite small but can deal with much larger prey.

---- Diaea dorsata, Crab Spider (2) ---- Misumena vatiaCrab Spider (4) ---- Philodromus collinus, Running Crab Spider ----

---- Philodromus dispar, Running Crab Spider ----  Xysticus bifasciatus ---- Xysticus cristatus, Common Crab Spider (2) ----

Other Hunting Spiders

These both hunt and use other methods to catch prey, such as stealth. Some use deception such as disguising themselves as insects or pretending to be dead.

---- Enoplognatha ovata, Comb Footed Spider  (2) ---- Pisaura mirabilis, Nursery Web Spider (8) ---- Salticus scenicus, Zebra Spider ----


Eight legged and often confused with spiders, Harvestmen do  belong to the class Arachnida (like spiders) but are in the order Opiliones whereas spiders are members of the order Araneae. Main differences are that Harvestmen have a one-piece body, no abdomen, a mouth that eats (which no spider has) and they do not produce silk.

Dicranopalpus ramosos ----   Leiobunum rotundum (3) ---- Opilio canestrinii ---- Platybunus triangularis (2)


Slugs (7 species)

---- Arion ater, Great  Black Slug  (3)  ---- Arion hortensis ---- Arion rufus, Large Red Slug ---- Arion subfuscis, Dusky Slug ---- 

---- Arion vulgaris, Spanish Slug (2) --- Limacus maculatus, Garden Slug ---- Limax maximus, Leopard Slug (2) ---- Slugs Mating

Snails (9 species)

 ---- Cepae hortensis, White-liipped Banded Snail (3) ---- Cepae nemoralis, Brown-lipped Banded Snail  (3) ----

---- Discus rotundatus, Rounded Snail ---- Discus rotundus, Brown Disc Snail ---- Helix aspersa, Garden Snail (4) ----

---- Lymnaea stagnalis ----  Oxychilus alliarius, Garlic Snail ---- Planorbarius corneus, Ramshorn Snail ---- Trocholus striolata, Short Spire Snail ----

---- Vertigo-pygmaea (2) ----

Other Invertebrates - Armadilliidae 

---- Water Louse, Asellus aquaticus  ----  Woodlouse, Armadillidium pictum ---- Woodlouse, Ligidium hypnorum (2) ----  
---- Common Striped Woodlouse, Philoscia muscorum ---- Common WoodlouseOniscus asellus -----

Other Invertebrates

---- Acari.sp., Phoretic Mites ---- Two Spotted Spider MiteTetranychus urticae ----

---- Centipedes (3): Geophilus flavus ---- Lithobius variegatus ---- Schendyla nemorensis ----

---- Earthworms (3): Green Worm, Allolobophora chloroticaGrey Worm, Aporrectodea caliginosaRosy Tipped Worm, Apporrectodea rosea ----

---- Leech ---- 

---- Millipedes (4): Craspedosoma rawlinsii ---- Pill Millipede, Glomeris marginata ---- Flat Backed Millipede, Polydesmus angustus ----

---- White Legged Snake Millipede, Tachypodoiulus niger (2)----

Pond Creatures

Pond Creatures include animals from many of the species categories on this page but as they are found in a very specific habitat they have also been grouped here. All have been found in the ponds in the Jubilee Plantation or Linden Glade.
See also the sequence showing the development of tadpoles shown in the Amphibians section at the top of the page.

---- Leech ---- 
Lymnaea stagnalis --- Ramshorn Snail ---- Tadpoles ---- Water Skaters ---- Water Louse ----


some other interesting signs of invertebrate life to be found in Selsdon Wood:

 ---- Cuckoo Spit ---- Sheet Web (2) ---- Spider's Web ---- Worm Casts ---- Unidentified larva ----