Galleries - 253 species photographed

We have a booklet entitled "Selsdon Wood Nature Reserve - Its history and Management: Some records of Flora and Fauna" which was produced in 1978 by Jack Penry-Jones on behalf of the Croydon Natural History and Scientific Society. This lists the fungi seen in a survey of 1976 - these observations were undated so we do not know the month.

Regular observations began in 2010 and a full species list is available as a downloadable pdf from the link below. The galleries below show all the species that we have photographed. Species that have been observed but not photographed in Selsdon Wood are shown in red text in the listings.

Although lichens and slime moulds are unrelated, both are related to algae which is why they have been grouped here. No observations of any of these were recorded in the 1978 Penry-Jones booklet.

 
The precise identification of fungi is a complex process. We have done our best but we are not experts and we thus advise caution in the use of our photographs as an identification guide since we cannot guarantee the accuracy.

Hover over each image for information or click to see an enlarged version.

A full list of all the fungi observed in Selsdon Wood is available from the link below and you can use the search box to search for a particular named species. For example, entering the common name of any species of fungus will bring up a list of all references to that on this site and the text under "Fungi full list" gives the Latin name. Use the back arrow on your browser to return to this page.

Fungi Full List 2017 March.pdf Fungi Full List 2017 March.pdf
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2016 Fungi Walk, Species  List.pdf 2016 Fungi Walk, Species List.pdf
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Fungi A - Agaricus (7 species photographed)

---- Aegerita candida ----  Agaricus arvensis, Horse Mushroom ---- Agaricus augustus, The Prince ---- Agaricus bisporus, Common Mushroom ----

----  Agaricus bitorquis (2) ---- Agaricus campestris, Field Mushroom (3) ---- Agaricus silvicola, Wood Mushroom ----

----Agaricus xanthodermus, Yellow Stainer (3) ---- 

Fungi Amanita - An (4 species photographed)

 ---- Amanita fulva, Tawny Grisette ---- Amanita muscaria., Fly Agaric (2) ---- Amanita rubescens , Blusher (2) ----

---- Antrodiella semisupina ----

Fungi Armillaria species - Honey Fungus (4 species photographed)

All of the Honey Fungus group are parasitic on trees and other woody plants, but vary greatly in their effects. The most deadly are the Armillaria mellea types which spread aggressively by both spore transmission and mycorhizal transfer through the ground. No chemical treatments are possible, only burning all infected material and soil barriers prevent their spread.

 ---- Armillaria gallica, Bulbous Honey Fungus ---- Armillaria mellea, Honey Fungus (2) ---- Armillaria polymyces, Honey Fungus ----

---- Armillaria tabescens, Ringless Honey Fungus (3) ----

Fungi As - Au (4 species photographed)

---- Ascocoryne cylichnium ---- Ascocoryne sarcoides, Purple Jelly Disc (2) ---- Athelia decipiens ----

---- Auricularia auricula-judae , Jews Ear or Jelly Ear (2) ---- Auricularia mesenterica, Tripe Fungus  ----

Fungi B (14 species photographed)

Basidioradulum radula, Toothed Crust ---- Biscogniauxia nummularia, Beech Tarcrust ---- Bisporella citrina, Lemon Disco (2) ----

---- Bjrkandera adjusta, Smokey Bracket (2) ---- Bolbitius reticulatus, Netted Fieldcap ---- Bolbitius titubans, Yellow Fieldcap (2) ----

----  Boletus badius, Bay Boletus (2) ---- Boletus cisalpinus ---- Boletus chrysenteron, Red-cracking Bolete (3) ---- Boletus edulis, Cep ---

 ----  Boletus luridiformis, Scarletina Bolete ---- Boletus porosporus, Sepia Bolete ---- Boletus subtomentosus, Suede Bolete ----

---- Bulgaria inquinans, Black Bulgar (2) ----

Fungi Ca - Cla (12 species photographed)

---- Calocera cornea, Small Stagshorn ---- Calocera pallidospathulata, Pale Stagshorn --- Calocera viscosa , Yellow Stagshorn (2) ----

---- Calocybe gambosum, St George's Mushroom ---- Cantharellula cyathiformis, The Goblet ---- Ceriporia viridans ----

---- Chlorociboria aeruginascens, Green Elfcup (3) ---- Chlorophylum rhacodes, Shaggy Parasol (4) ----

---- Chondrostereum purpureum, Silver Leaf Fungus (3) ---- Clavulina cineria, Grey Coral ---- Clavulina coralloides, Crested Coral ----

---- Clavulinopsis helvola, Yellow Club fungus ----

Fungi Clitocybe species - (8 species photographed)

There are 58 species of Clitocybe in Britain. Many have funnel shaped caps, sometimes with an umbo (bump in the cap centre) as well. Many have strong distinctive smells of meal or aniseed.

---- Clitocybe  clavipes, Club Foot ---- Clitocybe dealbata, Ivory Funnel ---- Clitocybe gibba, Common Funnel (2) ---- Clitocybe houghtonii ----

---- Clitocybe hydrogramma  ---- Clitocybe nebularis, Clouded Funnel (4) ---- Clitocybe phylophila, Frosted Funnel (3) ---- Clitocybe sinopicoides ----

Fungi Co - Cori (14 species photographed)

---- Colletotrichum liliacearum, Bluebell Spot ---- Collybia butyracea, Butter Cap ---- Collybia confluens, Clustered Toughshank ----

---- Collybia dryophila, Russet Toughshank ---- Collybia erythropus, Redleg Toughshank ---- Collybia inodora ---- 

---- Collybia maculata, Spotted Toughshank ---- Collybia peronata, Wood Woollyfoot ---- Coprinellus disseminatus, Fairies' Bonnets ----

---- Coprinellus xanthotrix (2) ---- Coprinus atramentarius , Common Inkcap ---- Coprinus comatus, Lawyer's Wig ----

---- Coprinus domesticus, Firerug Inkcap (3) ---- Coprinus micaceus, Glistening Inkcap ---- Coprinus silvaticus ----  Coriolellus albidus ---- 


Fungi - Cortinarius species - Webcaps (5 species photographed)

---- Cortinarius bolaris, Dappled Webcap ---- Cortinarius hemitrichus, Frosty Webcap (2) ---- Cortinarius lepidopus ---- Cortinarius malachius ----

---- Cortinarius mucosus, Orange Webcap ---- Cortinarius umbrinolens ---- Cortinarius triumphans, Birch Webcap ----

Fungi Cr - Cy (10 species photographed)

Craterellus cornucopioides, Horn of Plenty ---- Crepidotus applanatus, Flat Oysterling ---- Crepidotus cesati, no common name (2) ----

---- Crepidotus luteolus, Yellow Oysterling ---- Crepidotus mollis, Peeling Oysterling (2) ---- Crepidotus variabilis, Variable Oysterling (2) ----

---- Crepidotus versutus ---- Cristularia depraede ---- Crucibulum leave, Common Birds Nest ----

---- Cudoniella acicularis, Oak Pin Fungus ---- Cylindrobasidium evolvens ---- 

Fungi D (9 species photographed)

----- Dacromyces chrysocomus ---- Dacrymyces minor --- Dacrymyces stillatus, Common Jellyspot ----

---- Daedaleopsis confragosa, Blushing Bracket (3) ---- Daldinia concentrica, King Alfred’s Cakes (3) ---- Datronia mollis, Common Mazegill ----

---- Diatrype disciformis, Beech Barkspot ---- Diatrype stigma group, Tarcrust fungus ---- Diatrypella quercina, Oak Barkspot ----

Fungi E (8 species photographed)

---- Elsinoe corni, Dogwood Anthracnose Fungus ---- Entoloma cetratum ---- Entoloma rhodopolium, Wood Pinkgill ---- 

---- Exidia glandulosa, Witches' Butter (2) ---- Exidia nucleata, Crystal Brain (2) ---- Exidia Plana ---- Exidia repanda, Amber Jelly ----

---- Exidia thuretiana, White Brain ----

Fungi F-G (11 species photographed)

---- Fistulina hepatica, Beef-steak Fungus (4) ---- Flammulina velutipes, Velvet Shank (2) ---- Fomitopsis pinicola, Red Belted Bracket ----

---- Galerina marginata, The Funeral Bell (2) ---- Ganoderma applanatum, Artist’s Bracket (2) ---- Ganoderma australe, Southern Bracket ----

---- Gnomonia quercina, Oak Leaf Fungal Blight ---- Gnomonia ulmea, Elm Black Leaf Spot ---- Grifola frondosa, Hen of the Woods ----

---- Gymnopus fusipes, Spindleshank ---- Gyroporus castaneus ----

Fungi He (2 species photographed)

---- Hebeloma crustuliniforme, Poisonpie (2) ---- Hericium cirrhatum, Tiered Tooth (2) ----

Fungi Hygrocybe/Hygrophorus - Waxcaps & Woodwaxes (12 species photographed)

The fungi in this section are Hygrocybes or Waxcaps or their close relatives the Woodwaxes. Waxcaps are a large and very varied group which in Europe are a mainly pasture species. They are uncommon and becoming increasingly rare due to intolerance of any fertilisers and pollution and the consequent shortage of unimproved pastureland.

 ---- Hygrocybe aurantiosplendens, Orange Waxcap ---- Hygrocybe calyptriformis, Pink Waxcap (2) ---- Hygrocybe chlorophana, Golden Waxcap (2) ----

---- Hygrocybe intermedia, Fibrous Waxcap ---- Hygrocybe irrigata, Slimy Waxcap (2) ---- Hygrocybe pratensis, Meadow Waxcap (4) ----

---- Hygrocybe psittacina, Parrot Waxcap (3) ---- Hygrocybe psittacina, var. perplexa, Parrot Waxcap ---- Hygrocybe reidii, Honey Waxcap ----

---- Hygrocybe virginea, Snowy Waxcap (2) ---- Hygrophoropsis aurantiaca, False Chanterelle (3) ---- Hygrophorus eburneus, Ivory Woodwax ---- 

---- Hygrophorus lindtneri ----

Fungi Hyp - (8 species photographed)

 ---- Hyphodontia sambuci, Elder Whitewash ----  Hypholoma fasciculare, Sulphur Tuft (5) ---- Hypholoma lateritium, Brick Tuft ----

Hypochnicium eriksonii ---- Hypochnicium vellereum ---- Hypocrea pulvinata ----

---- Hypoxylon fuscum, Hazel Woodwart ---- Hypoxylon multiforme, Birch Woodwart (2) ----

Fungi I - K (9 species photographed)

---- Hypocrea pulvinata ---- Inocybe geophylla, White Fibrecap ---- Inocybe lilacina, Lilac Fibrecap ---- Inonotus cuticulari ---- 

---- Inonotus dryadeus, Oak Bracket (3) ---- Inonotus hispidus, Shaggy Bracket ----  Inonotus nodulosus, Silvery Porecrust ----

---- Inonotus radiatus, Alder Bracket ---- Ischnoderma benzoinum, Benzoin Bracket (2) ----

Fungi La (8 species photographed)

---- Laccaria amethystina, Amethyst Deceiver (3) ---- Laccaria laccata, The Deceiver (4) ---- Laccaria purpureo-badia ---- Lactarius controversus ----

---- Lactarius mitissimus ---- Lactarius pyrogalus, Fiery Milkcap ---- Lactarius quietus, Oakbug Milkcap ---- Lactarius subdulcis, Mild Milkcap ----

---- Lactarius tabidus, Birch Milkcap ---- Lactarius vietus, Grey Milkcap ---- Laetiporus sulphurous, Chicken of the Woods (4) ----

Fungi Le (8 species photographed)

---- Leccinium scabrum, Brown Birch Bolete (2) ---- Lenzites betulina, Gilled Polypore (2) ---- Lepiota aspera, Freckled Dapperling ----

---- Lepiota cristata, Stinking Dapperling ---- Lepista flaccida, Tawny Funnel (2) ---- Lepista nuda, Wood Blewit (2) ---- Lepista sordida ----

---- Leptosporomyces mutabilis ----

Fungi Lycoperdon species - Puffballs (3 species photographed)

The puffballs convert the white flesh within their skins into vast numbers of spores, and once that's completed, the skin splits and any movement of them due to wind or rainfall drops puff out the spores for them to disperse. One photo below shows that happening.

---- Lycoperdon nigrescens, Dusky Puffball ---- Lycoperdon perlatum, Common Puffball (5) ---- Lycoperdon pyriforme, Stump Puffball (2) ----

Fungi Ma - Me (14 species photographed)

---- Macrolepiota procera, Parasol Mushroom ---- Macrotyphula fistulosa var. contorta ---- Marasmiellus ramealis, Twig Parachute (2) ----

---- Marasmius alliacius ---- Marasmius calopus ---- Marasmius candidus ---- Marasmius epiphyllus, Leaf Parachute ----

---- Marasmius oreades, Fairy Ring Champignon (2) ---- Marasmius rotula, Collared Parachute ---- Marasmius wynnei, Pearly Parachute ----

---- Melanoleuca arcuata (2) ---- Melanoleuca melaleuca ---- Melanoleuca polioleuca, Common Cavalier Mushroom ----

---- Megacollybia platyphylla, Whitelaced Shank ---- Meripilus giganteus, Giant Polypore ----

---- Merulius tremellosus, Jelly Rot Fungus ----

Fungi Mycena species (31 species photographed)

The Mycena are a large group with 52 species possible in the UK. Many are so small they are very easy to miss even when very close.

---- Mycena abramsii, Summer Bonnet ---- Mycena adscendens, Frosty Bonnet (2) ---- Mycena aetites, Drab Bonnet ----

---- Mycena alcalina, Stump Fairy Helmet  ---- Mycena arcangeliana, Angels Bonnet ---- Mycena cinerella ---- Mycena citrinomarginata (2) ----

---- Mycena clavicularis, Needle Bonnet ---- Mycena crocata, Saffrondrop Bonnet (2) ---- Mycena epipterygea, Yellowleg Bonnet (2) ----

---- Mycena filopes, Iodine Bonnet (2) ---- Mycena flavescens (2) ---- Mycena flavoalba, Ivory Bonnet (2) ----

---- Mycena galericulata, Common Bonnet (2) ---- Mycena galopus var.galopus, Milking Bonnet (2) ----

---- Mycena galopus var.nigra, Black Milking Bonnet (2) ---- Mycena haematopus, Burgundy Drop Bonnet ----

---- Mycena inclinata, Oak Stump Bonnet (2) ---- Mycena leptocephala, Nitrous Bonnet ----

----  Mycena maculata ---- Mycena meligena ---- Mycena olida, Rancid Bonnet (2) ---- Mycena oortiana ---- Mycenapolyadelpha ----

---- Mycena polygramma, Grooved Bonnet ---- Mycena pseudocorticola --- Mycena pura, Lilac Bonnet (3) ----

---- Mycena rosea, Rosie Bonnet ---- Mycena renati, Beautiful Bonnet ----Mycena rosella, Pink Bonnet ---- Mycena vitilis,  Snapping Bonnet ----

---- Mycenella salicina ---- Mycena zephirus (2) ----

Fungi My - O (4 species photographed)

---- Mycosphaerella ribis, Bramble Septoria Leaf Spot ---- Mycosphaerella.sp, Hazel Leaf Spot ---- Nectria cinnabarina, Coral spot (2) ----

---- Neobulgaria pura, Beech Jelly Disc ----

Fungi Pa - Pi (19 species photographed)

---- Panaeolina foenisecii, Mowers Mushroom (2) ---- Panaeolus fimicola ----

---- Panellus serotinus, Olive Oysterling ---- Panellus stipticus, Bitter Oysterling (2) ---- Panus conchatus, Lilac Oysterling (2) ----

---- Parasola plicatilis, Pleated Ink Cap ---- Paxillus involutus, Brown Rollrim ---- Peniophora cinerea -----

---- Peniophora sp ---- Phallus impudicus, Stinkhorn (2) ----- Phanerochaete sanguinea ----

---- Phellinus ferreous, Cinnamon Porecrust ---- Phellinus ferruginosus, Rusty Porecrust ----

---- Phlebia radiata, Wrinkled Crust ---- Phlebia tremellosa, Jelly Rot Fungus ---- Pholiota tuberculosa ----

---- Phragmidium violaceum, Violet Bramble Rust (2) ---- Phytophthora ilicis, Holly Leaf Blight Fungus ---- Piptoporus betulinus, Birch Polypore (6) ----

Fungi Pleurotus species - Oyster Mushrooms (5 species photographed)

The Pleurotus are the Oyster Mushrooms, but only one is the true Oyster Mushroom, P. ostreatus, that species name derived from ostrea, the Latin for oyster. Since the white gilled appearance reminded of lung tissue, the family name is derived from pleura, the lung outer membrane, and the P. pulmonarius name of the all-white large species is derived from pulmonary, pertaining to lungs.

 ---- Pleurotus cornucopiae, Branched Oyster Mushroom ---- Pleurotus dryinus, Veiled Oyster ---- 

---- Pleurotus lignatilis (Ossicaulis lignatilis) ----

--- Pleurotus ostreatus, Oyster Mushroom ---- Pleurotus pulmonarius, Oyster Mushroom (2) ----

Fungi Plu - Por (5 species photographed)

  ---- Pluteus cervinus, Deer Shield (3) --- Pluteus salicinus, Willow Shield ---- Polyporus squamosus, Dryad's Saddle (3) ----

---- Polyporus leptocephalus, Blackfoot Polypore ---- Polyporus varius ---- Poria vaillanti, Wet Rot Fungus ---- 

Fungi Postia - Brackets (5 species)

Postia caesia, Conifer Blueing Bracket (2) ---- Postia stiptica, Bitter Bracket ----

---- Postia subcaesia, Blueing Bracket (3) ---- Postia tephroleuca, Greyling Bracket ---- Postia Wakefieldiae (2) ----


Fungi Psathyrella - Brittlestems (5 species)

---- Psathyrella candolleana, Pale Brittlestem ---- Psathyrella gracilis (2) ---- Psathyrella hydrophila, Common Stump Brittlestem ----

---- Psathyrella marcescibilis ---- Psathyrella obtusata ---- 

Fungi R (11 species photographed)


The majority of the Rs are Russulas. This a large family of 112 species, often with very colourful caps including red, green, purple and yellow, but always with very white flesh. Many are edible and good, but some not and a few are poisonous. For full identification, tasting, smelling, cap skin peeling and spore printing are necessary, only some of which practical in the field.

 ---- Radulomyces confluens, no English name ---- Rhopographus filicinus, Bracken Map ---- Rhytisma acerinum, Sycamore Tar Spot ---- 

---- Russula amoenolens, Camembert Brittlegill ---- Russula cyanoxantha, Charcoal Burner ---- Russula atropurpurea ----

--- Russula delica, Milk White Russula ---- Russula heterophylla, Greasy Green Brittlegill (2) ---- Russula ionochlora ----

---- Russula nigricans, Blackening Brittlegill ---- Russula ochroleuca, Common Yellow Russula ----Russula xerampelina, Crab Brittlegill ----

---- Rutstroemia firma ----

 Fungi Sa - Ste (14 species photographed)

---- Sarcoscypha austriaca, Scarlet Elfcup ---- Schizophyllum commune, Splitgill ---- Schizopora paradoxa, Split Porecrust ----

---- Scleroderma citrinum, Common Earthball ---- Scleroderma verrucosum, Scaly Earthball ---- Sclerotinia spp ----

---- Scutellinia scutellata, Common Eyelash ---- Septoria cornicola, Dogwood leaf spot ---- Skeletocutis amorpha ----

---- Skeletocutis nivea, Hazel Bracket ---- Sphaerotheca fuliginea (possible ID), Powdery Mildew Infection ----

---- Spongipellis delectans, Spongy Mazegill ---- Stachybotrys chartarum - Stecherrinum fimbriatum ----


Fungi Stereum species - Crusts (5 species photographed)

The Stereum fungi are encrustations which spread over the bark of tree wood. Though mostly flat (resupinate) on the surface, some also occasionally produce small bracket-like standing out sections which help to distribute their spores.

---- Stereum gausapatum, Bleeding Oak Crust (2) ---- Stereum hirsutum, Hairy Curtain Crust (3) ----

---- Stereum rugosum, Bleeding Broadleaf Crust (2) ---- Stereum sanguinolentum ----

---Stereum subtomentosum, Yellowing Curtain Crust (2) ----

Fungi Str - Su (4 species photographed)

---- Stropharia aeroginosa, Verdigris Agaric (4) ---- Suillus bovinus, Bovine Bolete ---- Suillus granulatus, Weeping Bolete ----

----Suillus grevillei, Larch Bolete (3) ---- Suillelus luridus, Lurid Bolete ---- Suillus luteus, Slippery Jack (2)  ----

Fungi Ta- Te (2 species photographed)

---- Taphrina pruni, Pocket Plum ---- Terrana caerulea, Cobalt Crust

Fungi Trametes species (4 species photographed)

 ---- Trametes gibbosa, Lumpy Bracket (3) ---- Trametes hirsute , Hairy Bracket ----

---- Trametes ochracea ---- Trametes versicolor, Many Zoned Polypore (4)

Fungi Trechispora mollusca & Tremella species (3 species photographed)

---- Trechispora mollusca ----  Tremella folacea, Leafy Brain (3) ---- Tremella mesenterica, Yellow Brain (4) ---

Fungi Tricholoma/ Tricholomopsis species (7 species photographed)

---- Tricholoma album, The White Knight ---- Tricholoma lascivum, Aromatic Knight (2) ---- Tricholoma ustaloides ---- Tricholoma sciodes (2) ----

---- Tricholomopsis decora, Prunes & Custard ---- Tricholomopsis platyphylla (2) ---- Tricholomopsis rutilans, Plums & Custard ----


Fungi Trochillia - Z (6 species photographed)

---- Trochilia ilicina, Holly Speckle ---- Ustulina deusta ---- Vuilleminia comedans, Waxy Crust ---- Xerula radicata, Deep Root Mushroom ----

---- Xylaria hypoxylon, Candlesnuff (2) ---- Xylaria longipes, Dead Moll's Fingers ---- Xylaria polymorpha, Dead Man's Fingers ----

Algae, Lichens & Slime Moulds

Although Lichens and Slime Moulds are unrelated, both are related to algae which is why they have been grouped here. No observations of any of these were recorded in the 1978 Penry-Jones booklet. Few have common English names.

Lichens are composite organisms, life forms comprised of two distinct species - an intertwined fungus and alga. They are probably the most difficult of all to identify - advanced laboratory facilities are needed for certainly with many species to carry out molecular, thermal and elementary analysis. Even visual IDs should really only be done when they are fruiting and dry.

Slime Moulds are essentially masses of protoplasm without distinct cells. They can move, creeping along a surface to find more food. Slime Moulds are classified in the kingdom protista, along with algae and protozoans.

Read more: http://www.ehow.com/info_8497623_difference-between-lichen-slime-mold.html#ixzz2iGs6HF58


Algae (1 species photographed) --- Trentepholia ----


Lichens (12 species photographed)

---- Baeomyces rufus ---- Evernia prunastri, Oakmoss ---- Hyperphyscia adglutinanta ---- Hypogymnia, a lichenised fungus ---- Hypotrachyna sp. ----

---- Lecanora chlarotera ---- Parmelia caperata ---- Parmelia sulcata, Shield Lichen ---- Parmotrema perlatum ---- Physconia distorta ---- Xanthoria aureola ----

---- Xanthoria parietina, Golden Shield Lichen ---- Xanthoria sp (?candellaria) ----

Slime Moulds (8 species photographed)

Slime Moulds are essentially masses of protoplasm without distinct cells. They can move, creeping or flowing along a surface to find more food. Slime Moulds are classified in the kingdom protista, along with algae and protozoans.

---- Arcyria ferrugina ---  Ceratiomyxa fruticulosa (2) ---- Fuligo septica, Dog-vomit Slime Mould (4) ----

---- Lycogala epidendrum, Toothpaste Slime (3) ---- Lycogala terrestre, Wolf's Milk (3) ---- Mucilago crustacea (2) ----

---- Reticularia lycoperdon (Enteridium lycoperdon), False Puffball (3) ---- Trichia varia (4) ----