Invertebrate Galleries

The galleries below show a selection of the riches of invertebrate life to be found in Selsdon Wood - all listed by category in blue at the top of the page. Scroll down for details and images and hover over each image for information or click to see an enlarged version. We would be delighted to add your photographs to the galleries - please send them to selsdonwood@gmail.com.

Invertebrates 1 - Frequent fliers

Butterflies and Moths (Lepidoptera)

Flies (Diptera) 

Dragonflies & Damselflies (Odenata)

Ants, Bees, Sawflies and Wasps (Hymentoptera) (includes galls)



Butterflies & Moths - Lepidoptera

Ted Forsyth has surveyed the butterflies in Selsdon Wood throughout 2012 - 2014. The results can be downloaded from here


Butterflies: Whites & Yellows

---- Brimstone, Nepteryx rhamni (3) ---- Clouded Yellow, Colias croceus ---- Green-Veined White, Pieris napi ---- Large White, Pieris brassicae (2) ----

---- Orange Tip, Anthocharis cardamines (6) ---- Small White ----

Brush Foot Butterflies

This is a large group of over 6000 species worldwide, many of which are often very colourful. Some of the latter are informally known as the aristocrats, since their rich colours are like those on aristocratic robes.

---- Comma, Polygonia c-album (4) ---- Peacock, Inachis io (4) ---- Red Admiral, Vanessa atalanta (2) ----

---- Silver-washed Fritillary, Argynnis paphia (3) ---- Small Tortoiseshell, Aglais urticae (5) ---- White Admiral, Limenitis camilla (2) ----

Butterflies: Browns & Ringlets

---- Gatekeeper, Pyronia tithonus (5) ---- Marbled White, Melanargia galathea (3) ----Meadow Brown, Maniola jurtina (5) ----

---- Small Heath, Coenonympha pamphilus ---- Speckled Wood, Pararge aegeria (3) ---- Ringlet, Aphantopus hyperantus (3) ----

Butterflies: Blues, Hairstreaks & Coppers

---- Brown Argus, Aricia agestis (3) ---- Common Blue, Polyommatus icarus (2) ---- Holly Blue, Celastrina argiolus (2)  ----

---- Purple Hairstreak, Favonius quercus ---- Small Copper, Lycaena phlaeas (3) ----

Butterflies: Skippers

---- Dingy Skipper, Erynnis tages ---- Large Skipper, Ochlodes sylvanus (2) ---- Small Skipper, Thymelicus sylvestris (2)

* Mark Shoesmith has created a superb blog page all about shooting wildlife photography in Selsdon Wood. In particular take a look as his scary caterpillar video!

Night Flying Moths

---- Black Arches Moth, Lymantria monacha ---- Brimstone Moth, Opisthograptis luteolata (2) ---- Buff Ermine moth, Spilosoma lutea ----

---- The Clay Moth, Mythimna ferrago ---- Engrailed Moth, Ectropis crepuscularia ---- Garden Grass Veneer Moth, Chrysoteuchia culmella ----

---- Ghost Moth, Hepialus humuli (larva)---- Green Silver-lines Moth, Pseudoips prasinana (larva) ----

---- Hebrew Character Moth, Orthosia gothica (larva) ---- July HighflyerHydriomena furcata (2) ----

----  Large White Plume Moth, Pterophorus pentadactyla, ---- Mottled Umber, Erannis defoliaria (larva) ---- Pale Oak Beauty, Hypomecis punctinalis ----

--- Riband Wave, Idaea aversata ---- Ruby Tiger, Phragmatobia fuliginosa ----  Small Magpie, Eurrhypara hortulata ----

---- Small Quaker Moth, Orthosia cruda (Larva) ---- Southern Brindled Moth, Dryobotodes roboris ---- Treble Brown Spot Moth, Idaea trigeminata ----

---- White Ermine moth, Spilosoma lubricipeda (larva)  ---- White Pinion Spotted Moth, Lomographa bimaculata (2) ----

Day Flying Moths

---- Blackneck Moth, Lygephila pastinum ---- Burnet Companion Moth, Euclidia glyphica (2) ---- Cinnabar Moth,  Tyria jacobaeae (larva) (2) ----

---- Cauchas sp.(2) ---- Degeers Longhorn Moth, Nemophora degeerella (2) ---- Jersey Tiger Moth,  Euplagia quadripunctaria (4) ----

---- Lace Border Moth, Scopula ornata ---- Large Emerald Moth, Geometra papilionaria ---- Long-horned Moth, Cauchas rufimitrella (2) ----

----Marbled Minor Moth, Oligia strigilis agg ---- Orange Underwing, Archiearis parthenias ----  Silver Y Moth, Autographa gamma ---- 

---- Six-Spot Burnet Moth,  Zygaena filipendulae (7) ---- Narrow Bordered Five Spot Burnet Moth, Zygaena lonicerae ----

---- Small White Wave, Asthena albulatata ----

Micromoths
Roughly 1500 of the moths are classed as micromoths and the vast majority are quite small. It is easy to dismiss a tiny insect disturbed from grasses but, if you can get a close look, you might be surprised at how colourful they can be. Many micro moths lay their eggs on leaves and the caterpillar burrows into the leaf and remains there until it pupates. The tiny caterpillar eats the material between the top and bottom surfaces of the leaf, producing leaf mines of characteristic shapes which can enable an identification to be made without ever seeing the moth itself.  Some of the mines are blotch-shaped while others form linear or gallery mines.

---- Agriphila straminella, Grass Moth ---- Anthophila fabriciana, Nettle Tap Moth ----  Archips podana, Large Fruit Tree Tortrix Moth (larva) (2) ----

---- Cnephasia sp ---- Dyseriocrania subpurpurella, Common Oak Purple Moth (2) ---- Grapholita internana ---- 

---- Pammene aurana ---- Pammene spiniana --- Scythropia crataegella, Hawthorn Moth ---- Stigmella aurella, Bramble Leaf Miner (mine) ----


Flies - Diptera

Blow Flies - Calliphoridae

Blow Flies lay their eggs on rotten meat and carcases for their larvae to feed on the meat. The name blow fly comes from an older English term for meat that had eggs laid on it, which was said to be fly blown.

---- Caliphora erythrocephala, Bluebottle ---- Calliphora vicina, Common Bluebottle ---- Caliphora vomitoria, Bluebottle ----

---- Lucilia caesar, Blow Fly---- Lucilis sericata, Blow Fly ---- Pollenia sp, Cluster Fly ---- Pollenia rudis, Cluster Fly ----

Crane Flies - Tipulidae & Limonids


---- Ctenophora elegans ---- Nephrotoma flavescens, Tiger Cranefly ---- Rhipidia maculata ---- Symplecta stictica, Limonid Cranefly --- Tipula fulvipennis ----

---- Tipula luteipennis  ---- Tipula oleracea ---- Tipula paludosa ---- Tipula vernalis ----

 House Flies - Muscidae

House Flies are called that due to their frequent presence around our homes, but they are in fact all woodland species. The various wastes we produce, from rotting food to fecal matter, are often their foodstuff, hence the attraction.

---- Graphomyia maculata ---- Helina evecta ---- Helina reversio ---Hydrotaea dentipes ---- Musca autumnalis, Face Fly ----

---- Mydaea setifemur/humeralis (2) ---- Neomya viridescens ---- Phaonia gobertii  (2) ---- Phaonia pallida ---- Polietes dormitor ---- Thricops diaphanus ----

 Hoverflies - Syrphidae (33 species seen)

There are 276 British species of Hoverfly. All but one of the following have been identified by Tony Flecchia. Many of the species are very variable and overlapping in appearance, so can be difficult to identify. In the notes with each photo the main points of identification are given. Click on the first image showing wing structures to find how to identify whether a particular insect is a hoverfly or another insect. 

---- Brachypalpoides lentus ---- Chamaesyrphus sp ---- Cheilosa illustrata ----  Chrysotoxum festivum ---- Epistrophe grossulariae (2) ----

---- Epistrophe nitidicollis ---- Episyrphus balteatus (3) ---- Eriozona Syrphoides ---- Eristalis arbustorum ---- Eristalis pertinax (f & m) ----

---- Eristalis tenax (m & f) ---- Helophilus groenlandicus ---- Helophilus pendulus ---- Leucozona glaucia ---- Leucozona laternaria ----

---- Leucozona lucorum (2) ---- Melangyna cincta ---- Melanostoma mellinum (2) ---- Meligramma euchromum ---- Meliscaeva cinctella ----

---- Meliscaeva maculicornis ---- Myathropa florea (2) ---- Platycheirus albimanus ---- Platycheirus ambiguous ---- Platycheirus discimanus (2) ----

---- Rhingia campestris ---- Sphaerophoria interrupta ---- Sphaerophoria scripta ---- Syritta pipiens, Thick-legged Hoverfly ----

---- Syrphus ribesii (3) ---- Syrphus vitripennis ---- Volucella inanis ---- Volucella pellucens ---- Volucella zonaria ----

Tachinid Flies - Tachinidae

Tachinid flies are parasitic flies, laying their eggs on caterpillars and the like. The larvae then hatch and burrow into the host to eat it while it is alive. The technical name for the nature of these flies is endoparasitic.

---- Compsilura concinnata ---- Dexiosoma caninum ---- Eumea linearicornis ---- Exorista rustica ---- Gonia divisa ---- Gymnocheta viridis (2) ---- 

---- Lypha dubia ---- Macquartia grisea ---- Nowickia ferox ---- Pales Pavida ---- Techina fera ---- Thelaria nigripes ----Voria ruralis ----


Other flies A-E

---  Anthomyia procellaris ---- Asteia amoena ---- Beris chalybata, Murky-legged Black Legionnaire Fly ---- Bibio clavipes ---- Bibio johannis ---- 

Bibio marci, St Mark's Fly (2) ----  Bombylius major, Bee Fly (2) ---- Bombylius minor, Heath Bee Fly ---- Callomyia speciosa ----

---- Culex pipiens (possible ID), Gnat (2) ---- Dioctria rufipes, Common Red-legged Robberfly ---- Dolichopus nigricornis ----

---- Dolichopus plumipes ---- Empis livida, Dagger Fly ---- Empis opaca ---- Empis stercorea, Dance Fly ----

Other flies F-P

 ---- Haematopota pluvialis, Notch Horned Cleg Fly  (2) ---- Hilara maura, Balloon Fly ---- Hylemya sp. ----

---- Microchrysa polita, Black-horned Gem ---- Midge (3) ---- Panorpa communis, Scorpion Fly ----

----  Panorpa germanica, Scorpion Fly (3) ---- Phaonia sp ---- Physocephala rufipes, Thick Headed Fly (2) ----- Phytomyza ilicis, Holly Leaf Miner ----

---- Phytomyza spondilyii ---- Platystoma seminationis, Signal Fly ---- Poecilobothrus nobilitatus (2) ---- Psila fimetaria ----

Other flies R-Z

---- Rhagio lineola, Snipe Fly ---- Rhagio scolopaceus, Downlooker Snipe Fly ---- Rhagoletis alternate, Rose Hip Fly (larva) ----

---- Sarcophagia carnaria, Flesh Fly ---- Scathophaga stercoraria, Common Yellow Dung Fly ---- Sepsis fulgens, Lesser Dung Fly (2) ----

---- Sicus ferrugineus: Family conopidae, Thick Headed Fly (2) ---- Sphaerocerid Fly ---- Stratiomyidea sp. ---- Suillia variegata ----

---- Sylvicola sp., Wood Gnat ---- Tabanus autumnalis, Large Marsh Horse Fly ---- Tachydromia umbrarum ----

---- Trichocera annulata, Winter Gnat ---- Xylota sylvarum ---- Unidentified Micro Flies (3 species) ----

Dragonflies & Damselflies - Odonata

---- Aeshna Cyanea, Southern Hawker Dragonfly (2) ---- Anax imperator, Emperor Dragonfly ---- 

 Ants, Bees, Sawflies & Wasps - Hymenoptera

Ants

---- Lasius niger, Common Black Ant (2) ---- Monomorium pharaonis - Pharaoh Ant ---- Formica Rufa, Red Wood Ant ---- Yellow Meadow Ant (5) ----

Bees - Bumblebees (Bombus)

---- Bombus hortorum ---Bombus humilis ---- Bombus hypnorum ---- Bombus jonellus (2) ---- Bombus lapidarius (3) ---- Bombus lucorum (2) ----\

---- Bombus pascuorum (3) ---- Bombus pratorum ---- Bombus ruderarius ---- Bombus soroeensis ---- Bombus terrestris ---- 

Bombus terrestris - nest dig
This sequence shows a female bee digging a nest - possibly having lost her nest in a deluge a few days previously.
All photos by Tony Flecchia 4/6/17

Bees - Cuckoo Bees (sub genus Psithyrus)

Cuckoo bees are so called because they are parasites on other bees taking over their nests.

---- Bombus barbatellus ---- Bombus bohemicus (2) ---- Bombus campestris (2) ---- Bombus rupestris ---- Bombus sylvestris  ---- Bombus vestalis ----


Mining Bees

---- Andrena bicolor ---- Andrena carantonica ---- Andrena chrysosceles (3) ---- Andrena haemorrhoa, Early Mining Bee ---- Andrena humilis  ----

---- Andrena subopaca ---- Mining Bee Nestholes (2) ----

 Other Bees

---- Anthophora plumipes, Hairy-Foot Flower Bee  ---- Apis melifera (3), Honey Bee ---- Halictus Bee ---- Lasioglossum malachurum (2) -----

---- Lasioglossum xanthopus, Yellow Footed Solitary Bee ---- Megachile brevis, Leaf Cutter Bee ---- Megachile centuncularis, Leaf Cutter Bee ----

----  Megachile sp. (2) Leaf Cutter Bee --- Nomada lathburiana ----


British bees are in trouble - find out more, including how you can help, at www.foe.co.uk/bees

Sawflies

The sawflies are named after the sawtoothed two bladed ovipositor of the females, which is used to lay eggs by slitting  into the plant stems or leaves in which their larvae will feed. Most sawfly larvae are exclusively vegetarian.

---- Arge melanochra, Bramble Sawfly ---- Arge pagana ---- Athalia cordata ---- Macrophya annulata ----Rhogogaster viridis  ---- Selandria serva ----

---- Tenthredo arcuata ---- Tenthredo marginella (2) ---- Tenthredo scrophulariae ---- Xiphydria camelus ----

Wasps - Ichneumon Wasps

The ichneumons are a huge group with less than one quarter of their estimated 100,000 species described and named, making identification not always possible.  Informally called wasps, they are all parasitic on larvae of other insects, either injecting eggs directly or laying them on the ground in the vicinity of the intended victims, which the hatched larvae can then reach.

 ---- Amblyteles armatorius (2)  ---- Aoplus rubricosus ---- Campoplex sp. ----Coelichneumon deliratorius ---- Cratichneumon flavifrons ----

---- Diplazontinae sp ---- Echocus semirufus ---- Ichneumon stramentarius ---- Ichneumon suspiciosus ---- Ichneumon xanthorius ---- Pimpla rufipes ----

---- Podoschistos vittifrons ---- Rhyssa persuasoria, Sabre Wasp (2) ---- Ichneumon sp ----

Wasps - Others
---- 
Nomada lathburiana, Cuckoo Wasp ---- Nysson trimaculatus, Digger Wasp ---  Vespa crabro, European Hornet -----

--- Vespula germanica, German Wasp (5)---- Vespula vulgaris, Common Wasp (2) ---- Wood Wasp ----  

*The Hornet was photographed by Mark Shoesmith as it emerged from its nest. He has a fascinating blog telling more and with a video at:

http://www.shoeyphoto.com/blog/2014/10/11/the-hornets-nest

Galls

Galls are the distorted growths which occur on plants as a result of invasion by some organism such as an insect or fungus. All the galls listed on this page are caused by insects (mites or wasps) - which is why they are shown here, classed under Fauna. The are arranged in alphabetical order of the Latin name of the insect that causes them.

See http://www.treesforlife.org.uk/forest/ecological/plant_galls.html for an excellent explanation of the causes of galls.

---- Galls on Sycamore created by the mite, Aceria cephalonea  ---- Galls on Field Maple created by the mite, Aceria eriobia ----

---- Galls on Field Maple created by the mite, Aceria macrochela ---- Red Pustule Galls on Field Maple cretaed by the mite, Aceria myriadum ----

---- Oak Cynipid Gall caused by the wasp Andricus curvator ---- Marble Galls (3) on Oak created by the wasp, Andricus kollari ----

----  Gall created by the wasp Andricus grossulariae ---- Currant Galls on Oak created by the wasp, Andricus quercusbaccarum ----

---- Knopper Gall on Oak created by the wasp, Andricus quercuscalicis (3) ----  Oak Apple Gall on Oak created by the wasp, Biorhiza pallida (3) ----

---- Oak Leaf Gall (2) created by the wasp Callirhytis furva ---- Robin's Pincushion on Rose (2) created by the wasp, Diplolepis rosae ----

---- Galls on Blackthorn v created by the Gall Mite, Eriophyes similis ---- Spangle Galls on Oak created by the wasp, Neuropterus quercusbaccarum ----